Last year Chikungunya and Dengue had wrecked a havoc in the country and is all set to do the same this year too. With nearly 90 cases of Chikungunya and 36 cases of Dengue been reported in the national capital, it alone is sufficient to throw the nation into panic. It is eminent for us to know ‘what and how’ of it and how to protect ourselves from these vector borne diseases.
Both Dengue and Chikungunya are caused by different viruses but are carried by the mosquitoes.
Symptoms of dengue:
The dengue symptoms usually surfaces 4 to 6 days after the person has been bitten by the vector mosquito. The symptoms usually includes:-
- High Fever
- Severe headache accompanied by pain behind the eyes
- Severe muscles and joint pain
- Weakness and fatigue
- Skin rashes and mild bleeding
The symptoms usually fade off in 10 days when treated. But people often mistake it for flu and avoid visiting the doctor. This virus can cause fatal dengue hemorrhagic fever in which the person experiences massive bleeding and shock which eventually leads to his death.
Symptoms of Chikungunya
The symptoms usually begins 3 to 7 days after a person has been bitten by the infected mosquito and they include
- Joint and muscle pain
Chikungunya is not deadly but is painful and disabling. The person recovers within a week but the joint pain might haunt him for months together.
Chikungunya is self-treating and hence has no vaccine to prevent or treat it. A person suffering from chikungunya is suggested to
- Get plenty of rest.
- Drink lots of water to stay hydrated.
- Take prescribed medicines to help reduce pain and fever.
- The infected person should not take aspirin or anti-inflammatory drugs.
Once a person has contracted it, he develops antibodies which protects him throughout the rest of his life.
How to protect ourselves from dengue and chikungunya?
As mosquito is the culprit behind both these diseases, preventing these two from breeding and biting would suffice our aim of protecting ourselves and our loves ones.
- As these mosquitoes breed in stale and standing water, you need to make sure that are no place where there is standing water in and around your home. Blocked open sewage, pots, planters, buckets etc. are the places where the water gets accumulated.
- Have your windows secured with air conditioners or mosquito nets.
- Mosquitoes can’t fly properly even in mild air, use fans to keep them at bay.
- Use mosquito repellents to keep the mosquitoes away from you.
- Spray insecticide or larvicides in the still water where you can see the larvae budding. Even kerosene helps inhibit their growth.
- And lastly, don’t ignore the symptoms that you experience after getting bitten by the mosquito. Deaths are often caused by people being careless and not visiting the doctor to get the treatment.
Monsoon is the breeding season of the mosquitoes as there are lots of spots which holds the rain water. It is essential in our parts to prevent them from populating and spreading the disease.